CJ 408 Final Exam Answers
CJ 408 Final Exam Answers
CJ 408 Final Exam
Question 1. When we trust the judgments of people who have special training, such as a doctor or a lawyer, we are accepting their ______.
Question 2. What are the four purposes of research?
- Exploration, description, explanation, application
- Exploration, description, funding, application
- Exploration, development, inquisition, funding
- Exploration, development, inquisition, application
Question 3. When assessing the potential for harm, the researcher should ___.
- Proceed only when they are confident that no harm will result.
- Proceed only when the harm potential is psychological and not physical
- Never proceed when harm is a potential
- Proceed when the benefit outweighs the harm
Question 4. Researchers may face legal liability when _____.
- Researchers refuse to work with their subjects
- They become participants in the criminal activity they are observing
- Both of the above
- Fortunately, researchers are protected from legal liability
Question 5. Which of the following would serve as an example of a cross sectional study?
- Uniform Crime Reports
- The 2000 U.S. census
- A single wave of the National Crime Victimization Survey (P 66)
- Both Uniform Crime Reports and the 2000 U.S. census
Question 6. Which of the following are social artifacts?
- Citizen attitudes about the death penalty
- Editorials in the New York Times (P63)
- Cities with over 250,000 inhabitants
- Months of the year
Question 7. Units of analysis are typically also the units of _____.
- Observation (P71)
Question 8. An indicator of the dimension “victim harm” is _____.
- Economic gain
- Gender of victim
- Physical injury (P77)
- Location of injury
Question 9. A _____ asks people whether or not they have been the victim of a crime.
- Self-reported survey
- Victim survey (P94)
- Computer-based survey
- Random survey
Question 10. The true list of elements in the population is called the _____.
- Sampling frame (P144)
Question 11. The unit about which information is gathered and forms the basis for analysis is known as _____.
- A sampling element (P136)
- A unit of observation
- A sampling frame
- A sample
Question 12. The term “questionnaire” suggests a collection of _____.
- Statements (P164)
Question 13. If a researcher tries to assess criminal victimization of the poor and disadvantaged, which of the following is less biased than using the term “welfare” in her questionnaire?
- Assistance to the poor (P165)
- On the dole
- The underclass
Question 14. Which of the following would not be a logical crime to study using the field research techniques?
- Shoplifting (P189)
- Drug use
Question 15. What time of the year would be best to do an observational study of thefts from cars parked at shopping malls?
- Early in the year, January – February
- Early summer, June – July
- Late summer, August
- Late in the year, December (P201)
Question 16. FBI statistics and annual reports from the Federal Bureau of Prisons are examples of _____.
- Nonpublic agency records
- New data collected by agency staff
- Published statistics (P220)
- Content analysis
Question 17. Programs goals represent _____.
- Empirical indicators
- Desired outcomes (P244)
Question 18. Which of the following represent a continuous variable?
- Age (unable to find page number)
- Religious affiliation
Question 19. Which of the following represents a discrete variable?
- Annual salary (unable to find page number)
- Hours worked
Question 20. In calculating the rate of rapes within New York City, which of the following would appear to be the best data for the denominator?
- Females living in New York City
- All people living in New York City (unable to find page number)
- All males living in New York City since nearly all rapes are committed by males
- Females over the age of 21 living in New York City